Ahead of Lagos State Governorship election, All Progressives Congress, APC candidate, Babajide Sanwo-Olu and his People’s Democratic Party, PDP, counterpart, Jimi Agbaje, yesterday, shunned British Broadcasting Corporation, BBC, debate, organised for governorship candidates. Both candidates were among the six contestants voted for during a poll conducted by the media organisation. Candidates present at the debate were: African Development Congress, ADC, Mr. Olumuyiwa Fafowora, Providence People’s Congress, PPC, Mrs. Omolara Adesanya, African Democratic Congress, ADC, Babatunde Gbadamosi and Young Progressives Party, YPP, Mrs. Adebisi Ogunsanya. Confirming their invite, the moderator of the Yoruba debate, Dr. Olubusola Afolayan, disclosed that after the poll, each of the candidates was invited, saying, they all acknowledged the letters.
Before I finish off, it is worth noting that from the Second World War, it was an end of the BBC monopoly in broadcasting and a beginning of the duopoly, as ITV was then introduced. However, this did not stop the BBC from being highly regulated. It was still under government control. Due to the opening of ITV, there was an increase in the variety of broadcasting, which undoubtedly had caused competition between the BBC and its competitors. In conclusion, it is possible to say that the BBC has had a positive outlook, being able to adapt to any change to audiences attitudes quite easily. It did remain a public service for a very long time until the 1980’s, until the whole notion of public service was called into question.
The Thatcher government wanted to test out the notion of public service with broadcasting, by introducing a new thought linked with consumer sovereignty. Nevertheless, the fact that the BBC stayed under government control for a period amount of time acting as a monopoly, showed that it was successful in many ways. Throughout this essay, I have explained factors to why for so much of its history the BBC was organised as a public service. In order to achieve an overall answer, we as readers need to reflect over the reasons to why it continued to have any input from the government, which I have previously discussed.
Empress Valley’s The Complete British Broadcasting Corporation Radio Sessions is the latest in a long line of releases, both official and unofficial, covering Zeppelin’s early radio career. Given their origins with the BBC the sound quality of these tapes has almost always been at least very good if not excellent covering the embryonic Zeppelin. Since the release of the BBC Sessions on Atlantic Records in 1998 there have not been many unofficial releases covering this material and this is the first all inclusive set. The sound quality and presentation of the Empress Valley collection is across the board excellent and a worthy upgrade to all previous issues including the official release with some reservations discussed below.
Empress Valley make the claim they use the pre-FM master recordings except for the March 19th Alexis Korner session, which comes from an “aircheck master” (i.e., it was taped off of a short wave broadcast). This could be true since it does not sound as if they used the official or any other source. Compared to Jimmy Page’s own work on these tapes, Empress Valley sounds much more heavy and lively lending more vitality to these tapes like never before. Since the set runs in chronological order the first disc contains the four earliest and shortest sessions. Disc 1, Radio One Session, John Peel’s Top Gear, Playhouse, London – March 3rd, 1969: You Shook Me, Communication Breakdown, I Can’t Quit You, Dazed and Confused.
World Service Radio Session, Rhythm And Blues, Maida Vale Studio, London – March 19th, 1969: Alexis Korner introduction, What Is And What Should Never Be, more chat, I Can’t Quit You, more chat, You Shook Me, Sunshine Woman. Radio One, Chris Grant’s Tasty Pop Sundae, Aeolian Hall Studio 2, London – June 16th, 1969: The Girl I Love, Communication Breakdown, Something Else, What Is And What Should Never Be, group interview with Chris Grant. 5), and Lost BBC Sessions (LCD-1506) on the Led Note label. The next seven tracks cover the Alexis Korner session which has been wiped from the BBC archives and was not included on the official release.
” (EX-00-020) on Equinox along with other 1969 fragments. The sound is a very good and crisp mono and includes Korner’s introduction and praise of the band while gently strumming his guitar. “What Is And What Should Never Be” from the June 16th session is included in the broadcast although doesn’t originate from this actual session and EV chose to maintain the broadcast order. The June 16th session of Chris Grant’s Tasty Pop Sundae has been very popular since it contains the two rarities “The Girl I Love” and “Something Else”. Older releases include Something Else on Archive (“The Girl I Love”, “Communication Breakdown”, “Something Else”, and “What Is And What Should Never Be”) and BBC (LSD-05/06/07/08) on Last Stand Disc with the entire session.
“The Girl I Love”, “Something Else” and “What Is And What Should Never Be” appear on Complete Tapes on Tintagel, “The Girl I Love” and “Something Else” are on More Than Something Else (125) on Aulica and Shenandoah. Empress Valley includes the unaired interview with host Chris Grant which shows him clearly over his head in dealing with the young band. All four songs are on the official BBC Sessions and “Traveling Riverside Blues” appears on the Remasters and on Coda in the complete box set. The first disc ends with the television broadcast of “Black Mountain Side” from the Julie Felix show. This is played by Page on the acoustic guitar and is perhaps one of the most impressive performances of the piece.
Disc 2, Radio One BBC Rock Hour, Playhouse Theater, London – June 27, 1969: Alan Black introduction, Communication Breakdown (incl. I Can’t Quit You, interview with Alan Black, Dazed and Confused, Liverpool Scene sketch, White Summer / Black Mountain Side, You Shook Me, How Many More Times. Disc two contains the complete hour long broadcast from the June 27th, 1969 Playhouse In Concert appearance. This set has been released previously on CD on titles such as Another White Summer (Big Music), Rock Hour (Antrabata) copied onto BBC 69 (BBC Transcription Series), Classics Off The Air Vol.
Empress Valley contains the entire show including the interview with Alan Black, the Liverpool Scene sketch of very cold war humor and the host’s very thorough introduction of Jimmy Page before “White Summer” / “Black Mountain Side”. Disc 4: Going To California, That’s The Way, What Is And What Should Never Be, Whole Lotta Love (incl. The second two discs contain the complete April 1st, 1971 Paris Theater In Concert broadcast. Among the many releases on CD it can be found on At The Beeb 1971 (Cuttlefish), BBC (ARM), BBC In Concert (Forever Standard Series), BBC Zep (Antrabata, Genuine Masters and Tarantura), Classics Off The Air Vol.
Empress Valley uses the pre-FM master that has been used before where the stereo separation places the guitars in the right channel and the vocals in the left. Other releases like the FSS version have a more centered concentration of sound. Compared to the others Empress Valley may have used too much EQ on the tape. However the softer passages sound very nice and some sounds that are buried on earlier releases and more clear like Plant’s accompanying scat under Page’s violin bow solo in “Dazed & Confused”. After the enjoyment of the first two discs in this collection the 1971 concert was a let down and hampers what is otherwise a very solid release.
The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is a national publicly-funded broadcaster based in the United Kingdom. It is frequently heralded as the most widely respected broadcaster in the world. Affectionately known to local consumers as the “Beeb” or “Auntie”, it was for many years the only television and radio provider in the United Kingdom. Before the introduction of Independent Television in 1955 and subsequently Independent Radio in 1973, it held a monopoly on broadcasting. More recent de-regulation of the British television broadcasting market produced analogue cable television and satellite broadcasting and later digital satellite, digital cable and digital terrestrial television (DTT) . Today the BBC broadcasts in almost every medium including these and the Internet.
The BBC’s technical lead is assisted by its Research & Development department at Kingswood Warren. Prior to the establishment of the BBC a number of private companies had been making experimental radio broadcasts in the UK. The autonomous nature of the board of governors gives it an independence from direct government control. The BBC has taken advantage of its independence to criticise government policy from time to time. However the BBC does not have any constitutional protection for such criticism and in the past it has suffered as a result. The BBC is regularly accused by the government of the day of bias in favour of the opposition, and, by the opposition, of bias in favour of the government.
At some times, both of these accusations have been made at once by politicians from each side. In spite of these criticisms, the BBC is widely regarded by the British public as a trusted and politically neutral news source. The Wireless Telegraphy Act of 1904 instituted government regulation of radio broadcasting and reception under the authority of the Postmaster General. A licence scheme was introduced whereby anyone wishing to purchase or construct radio equipment was required to obtain a licence from the Post Office. With the founding of the BBC, the radio licence fees became its principal means of funding. The household radio licence was eventually abolished in 1971 but a licence is still required for television reception.
£147m from BBC Commercial Holdings Ltd. £223.7m from the World Service, of which £201m is from grants (primarily funded by the Foreign and Commonwealth Office), £16.1m from subscriptions and £6.6m from other sources. Assorted additional sources such as property and interest. The BBC was originally set up to provide a radio service for the British public. Radio made up the bulk of its output prior to the introduction and widespread adoption of the BBC’s television service; this can be seen today in the title of the BBC’s listings magazine, Radio Times. Radio still makes up a large part of the corporation’s output.
The first two radio services to broadcast were the Home Service (originally the National Programme) and the World Service (originally the General Overseas Service). These were followed by the Light Programme (using the transmitters vacated by the wartime Forces Programme), and the Third Programme. What is now known as BBC ONE was the world’s first regular television service. It began broadcasting from Alexandra Palace in London on November 2, 1936, to just a few hundred viewers in the immediate area. It was reaching some 25,000 homes before the outbreak of the Second World War caused the service to be suspended. The broadcasts would have provided an ideal radio beacon for German bombers homing in on London. In 1946 TV transmissions resumed from Alexandra Palace.
The BBC Television Service was renamed BBC ONE in 1964, after the launch of BBC TWO. BBC ONE shows popular programming, including drama, comedies, documentaries, game shows and soap operas, covering a wide range of genres and regularly competes with ITV to become the channel with the highest ratings for that week. BBC ONE is the home to the BBC’s main news bulletins, currently being shown at 1pm, 6pm and 10pm GMT (or British Summer Time, depending on the time of the year). BBC TWO was the third television station (ITV was the second) for the UK; its remit is to provide more niche programming.